Toenail Fungus

What is Toenail Fungus?

Toenail fungus, also known as onychomycosis, is a common fungal infection of the nail. It typically begins as a white or yellow spot under the tip of your toenail and can cause the nail to discolor, thicken, and crumble at the edge as the infection goes deeper.

What are common signs and symptoms of Toenail Fungus?

  • Thickened toenails
  • Whitish to yellow-brown discoloration
  • Brittle, crumbly, or ragged nails
  • Misshapen nails
  • Slightly foul smell
  • Sometimes pain in the toenail area

Toenail Fungus FAQ

The infection is caused by various fungal organisms, the most common being dermatophytes. Yeast and molds can also cause nail infections. Factors such as aging, reduced blood circulation to the feet, a weakened immune system, heavy sweating, and a history of athlete’s foot can increase the risk.

Yes, it can spread from one toenail to another and between individuals through direct contact or contact with contaminated surfaces, such as towels, shoes, or shower floors.

Treatment options include oral antifungal medications, topical treatments, medicated nail polish or cream, and, in severe cases, removal of the nail. Newer treatments, such as laser therapy, have also shown promise.

Consult a healthcare provider if home treatments do not improve the infection, if the infection worsens or spreads, or if you have diabetes and develop a toenail fungus.

For a proper diagnosis and recommended treatment plan, we suggest you consult with a podiatrist for professional help and care.